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当前位置:家教南京站 > 爱智康1对1中学频道 > 中学课内辅导 > 正文

常用动词习惯用法

2019-07-03 17:03:13  来源:爱智康

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常用动词习惯用法

1.        allow sb to do sth 允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式) My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.

2.        asked sb (not) to do sth  叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事) My father asked me to study hard. He asked me not to swim alone. be asked to do sth       被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事 I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday.

3.        be afraid to do sth     害怕做某事 She is afraid to ask me questions.

4.        be afaid of doing sth   害怕做某事 I am afraid of going out at night.

5.        be afaid of sth  害怕某物 He is afraid of snakes.

6.        be amazed to do sth    对做某事感到惊讶 He was amazed to meet the girl there. be amazed at sth       对某事感到惊讶 they were amazed at the news.

7.        be busy doing/with sth  忙于做某事(常考) e.g: I was busy washing my car at that time. 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。    I am busy with my work.

8.        be coming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来) the bus is coming/the dog is dying.

9.        be excited to do sth  对做……感到兴奋     Jacky was excited to travel there by plane. be excited at sth   Lily was excited at his words. be excited about doing sth he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books.

10.        be frightened to do sth   害怕去做某事 Sam is frightened to ride a horse.

11.        be glad/happy to do sth   高兴去做某事     she is happy to clean the blackboard with me. be pleased to do sth高兴做某事 she was pleased to help the old man yesterday. be pleased with sth       对某事感到高兴/满意 the teacher was pleased with my answer.

12.        be interested in sth/doing sth   对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣 she is interested in swimming in the river. My btother is interested in Chinese. 13. be/get ready for/to do sth Be ready for sth   为某事做好了准备 We are ready for the exam. Be ready to do sth   为做某事做好了准备     We are ready to have a birthday party for her. get ready for sth为某事在做准备 We are getting ready for the exam. get ready for sth  为做某事而做准备

13.        be sorry to do sth   对做某事感到抱歉      

14.        be surprised to do sth    对做某事感到惊奇 be surprised at sth       对某事感到惊奇

15.        be worth doing sth      值得做某事(worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)

16.        begin to do sth begin/start to do/doing sth

17.        can/be able to afford (to buy) sth   有能力购买(供)……

18.        can/may/must do sth could/would/should/might do sth

19.        can’t wait to do sth    迫不急待地去做某事

20.        decide to do sth    决定去做某事    make up one’s mind to do sth   下决心去做某事(常考) make a decision to do sth    对做某事作出决定

21.        deserve to do sth    值得/应该做……

22.        encourage sb to do sth    鼓励某人去做某事

23.        enjoy doing sth     乐意去做某事

24.        expect (sb) to do sth   期望去做某事

25.        fail to do sth        做某事失败 succeed doing sth   成功做了某事

26.        finish doing sth    做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)

27.        follow sb to do sth  跟随某人去做某事

28.        get sb to do sth make sb do sth let sb do sth

29.        get/have a chance to do sth   得到一个做某事的机会

30.        give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb   buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb  

31.        go on to do sth  继续做事(常考) go on doing sth  继续做事(常考)

32.        hate to do/doing sth  讨厌/不喜欢做某事

33.        have fun doing sth

34.        have problems doing sth   做某事遇到困难

35.        have sb do sth   have sth done have sth to do    工有事要做

36.        hear sb do sth     听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考) hear sb doing sth   听到某人正在做某事(常见)

37.        help to do sth           帮忙做某事 help sb (to) do sth        帮助某人做某事

38.        hope/wish to do sth      希望做某事 wish sb to do sth         希望某人做某事

39.        I t seems that          这像是……(后接从句) seem to do sth seem +adj

40.        It’s + adj+(for sb) to do sth .   It’s+adj +(of sb) to do sth e.g: It’s glad for him to hear the news.

41.        It takes sb some time/money to do sth . 花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)

42.        pay …for…    cost     spend…on…..      it take …to do sth

43.        It’s best for sb to do sth.  对某人来说做某事是最好的 had better do sth  最好做某事(注意had没有时态和人称的变化,better后接动词原形)

44.        It’s time for sb to do sth   是某人做某事的时候了

45.        keep (on)doing sth   坚持做某事(常考) keep sb doing sth    让某人做某事(常考) keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考) keep sb/sth +adj keep the book for 2 days 借这本书两天(不要用borrow或lend)

46.        learn to do sth    学做某事 learn sth from sb   向某人学习

47.        like to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事 like sb to do sth    喜欢某人做某事 48.        need to do sth             need doing sth/to be done    need sth     needn’t do sth

49.        prefer to do sth rather than do sth   宁愿……而不愿……(常考) prefer doing sth to doing sth 喜欢做……胜过做…… e.g: I prefer reading books to going shopping. 比起购物来,我更爱读书。 prefer to do sth    喜欢(爱)做某事

50.        refuse to do sth   拒绝做……

51.        remember/forget to do sth   记得/忘记做某事 remember/forget doing sth   记得/忘记做过某事

52.        see sb do sth       看见某人做某事(结果) see sb doing sth     看见某人正在做某事(正在进行中) be seen to do sth   做某事被看见

53.        something to eat/drink  一些吃/喝的东西(词不定式放在something等后修饰这些词) e.g: I need something to eat. 我要一些吃的东西。

54.        spend some time (in)doing sth /on sth   花费时间做某事(注意动词要用ing形式)(常考) spend some money on sth/doing sth     买……花了多少钱

55.        Sth is hard/difficult/easy to do .      做好某事很难/容易

56.        stop to do sth      停下来去某事(两件事)(常考) stop doing sth      停止做某事 (一件事)(常考) stop sb (from) doing sth    阻止某人做某事(常考)

57.        take turns to do sth     轮流做…… 58.        tell sb (not) to do sth    叫某人去(不要)做某事 be told to do sth      被告知不要做某事

59.        There is no need (for sb) to do sth     对某人来说没必要做某事

60.        There is no time (for sb ) to do sth   have no time to do sth    没时间做某事

61.        too…(for sb) to …太……以致不能……   so… that…   not… enough to do     e.g:The boy is too young to go to school. 那男孩太小了以致不能上学。 

62.        try/do one’s best to do sth    尽力去做某事 try to do sth    试着(图)做某事

63.        used to do sth  过去常做某事( used to be + adj/a +n) e.g: Mr wang used to be a teacher worker.  王先生过去是一位工人。     I used to live in the country.   过去我住在农村。 64.        want/would like to do sth      想做…… want/would like sb to do sth    想某人做…… feel like doing sth  喜爱做某事(注意like后接动词ing形式) 65.        warn sb (not) to do sth  警告某人做某事(或不要做某事) 66.        Why don’t you do sth ? Why not do sth ? 表示建议的句型还有:What How about……?(如果是动词,要用ing形式) Shall we……? 67.        Would you like (sb) to do sth ?Yes, I’d love to . 68.        Would you mind doing sth ? 你介意做某事吗? Never mind/Not at all/of course not/certainly not . (从不介意/一点也不介意/当然不会了) 69.        Would you please (not) do sth     你可不可以不做……? 70.        finish doing sth     enjoy doing sth      practise doing sth      be good at doing sth   be good at doing sth      thank you for doing sth     stop doing sth    be good at doing sth   give up doing sth      mind doing sth     stop sb from doing sth     go on doing sth   be busy doing sth     see/hear/watch sb doing sth    feel like doing sth   hate doing sth    like doing sth    do well in doing sth    be afraid of doing sth    be interested in doing sth    make a contribution to sth/doing sth   71.        非延续性动词(终止性动词) 1.buy---have(has)had     2.borrow---have(has)kept    3.leave---have(has)been away 4.go ---have(has)been away/in…      5.come ---have(has)here/in… 6.die ---have(has)been dead       7.join---have(has)been a member of/in… 8.begin---have(has)on       8.stop---have(has)been over example: 他的狗死了3天了.:  His dog has been dead for three days.   It is three days since his dog died.    His dog died three days ago. 72.        感官动词主动语态不带to)1.hear/see/watch sb do sth 或 2. hear/see/watch sb doing sth 1.        We often hear him sing the song. 2.        I saw him swimming in the river just now. 被动语态带to: 1.        He is often heard to sing the song.    役使动词: (主动语态不带to) make/let sb do sth. His father often makes him do this and that.      被动语态带to: He is often made to do this and that by his father.
 

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