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初二英语语法复习资料-代词语法讲解

2019-11-06 10:54:08  来源:学而思爱智康

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   【智康语】初二英语语法复习资料-代词语法讲解!英语语法是很多孩子比较头疼问题,也是考试中必考知识点。为了让同学们更好的复习英语语法。下面是学而思爱智康小编为大家整理的初二英语语法复习资料-代词语法讲解,供大家参考学习!

 

期中复习,九年级物理上册练习,九年级物理期中试题

(一)代词概述

  代词用来代替名词,在句中充当主语、宾语和表语,有时还可以充当定语。代词在考试命题中主要是代词格的变化、代词单复数形式以及不定代词和it的用法等。

  (二)基本知识梳理

  1.人称代词:主格作主语,宾格用作及物动词和介词的宾语。

  He often helps me.

  Who is atthe door?It's me.

  The bicyclebelongs to Tom and me.

  出现并列主语或宾语时,其排列顺序为:单数时是第二、第三、第一人称(简称231)即you,heandI或you,herandme;复数时是第一、第二、第三人称(简称123)即we,youandthey或us,youandthem。

  2.物主代词:形容词性物主代词作定语,后加名词;而名词性物主代词等于形容词性物主代词加名词。如:This is my book.=This book is mine.

  名词性物主代词可做主语、宾语和表语。如:

  Your pen is blue.Mine is blue,too.

  May I use your pen?I've lost mine.

  She is a class mate of his.

  The bike is hers.

  3.反身代词:用作宾语和起强调作用。

  1)作宾语

  Help yourself to some cakes.

  I can look at my selfin the mirror.

  They should think more of the publichealth than them selves.

  2)作强调

  We do homework by ourselves.

  I myself go to the air port to meet my uncle.

  4.指示代词

  1)this,that,these,those

  What'sthis(that)?It'sabook.

  Whatarethese(those)?Theyarebooks.

  this和these比较靠近,that和those稍远一点。

  2)it的用法

  (1)指物:It's a robot.

  (2)指自然现象:It's raining now,but it will be fine soon.

  (3)指时间:What time is it?It's8o'clock.

  (4)指距离:It's twentyminutes'walk.

  (5)作形式主语:It's importantforustofightpollution.

  It took mehalfanhourtofinishthework.

  It'skindofyoutosayso.

  (6)作形式宾语:Wethinkitnecessarytorelaxfromtimetotime.


  5.不定代词

  1)some,any

  some用于肯定句中,any用于否定句和疑问句中。如:

  There are some pens on the desk.

  There aren't any pens on the desk.

  Are there any pens on the desk?

  Some are Chinese.Others are English.

  在表示请求、建议、反问等句子中,用some而不是用any。如:

  Would you like some drink?

  any也可以表示任何一个。如:

  Do you know any ofher friends?

  If you have any questions,you can ask me.

  (一)冠词概述

  冠词是限定词的一种,自己不能单独使用,只能依附于一个名词帮助说明这个名词的含义。因此冠词也可以说是名词的一种标志,它不能离开名词而单独存在。冠词有三种形式:不定冠词a(an),定冠词(the)和零冠词(即不使用冠词)。冠词用法每次中考都会出现,主要考查:(1)名词前的定冠词、不定冠词和零冠词的用法;(2)固定搭配中的冠词用法。a,an的用法区别是常考内容。序代词前及形容词最高级前或姓氏前使用定冠词也是近年来中考的常考内容。

  (二)基础知识梳理

  1.不定冠词a/an的用法

  不定冠词用来修饰单数可数名词,指人或物中的某一个或某一类,但不具体说明是何人何物。

  如:Afamousastronautwillgiveusatalktheweekafternext.a用在以辅音音素(不是辅音字母)开头的单词前,如:auniversitystudent,aEuropeancountry;an用在以元音音素(不是元音字母)开头的单词前,如:anhonestgirl,anundergroundtrain.

  现将不定冠词的基本用法归纳如下:

  1)首次提到某人某物,不定冠词起介绍作用。如:

  Long long agoanoldmanlivedinasmallvillage.

  2)表示“每一”的意思,常用于表示时间、速度的名词之前,相当于every。如:

  tenmetresasecond,twiceaweek

  3)也可用于不可数的物质名词和抽象名词之前,使其具体化。如:

  1 would like a drink.

  It’s a great joy to live in Shanghai.

  4)某些固定短语中,要用不定冠词。如:haveagoodtime,inahurry,haveabreak,forawhile,apairof,havealook,withasmile,takeanactivepartin.


  2.定冠词the的用法

  1)指第二次提到的人或物。如:

  I have a dog and a cat.The dog is brown and the catis yellow.

  2)特指某人或某物。如:

  The old man with thick glasses is theirhistory teacher.

  3)指谈话双方都知道的人或物。如:

  Would you mind turning down the radio,Jim?Your father is sleeping.

  4)用于序代词或形容词的最高级之前。如:

  The thirdtruck is carrying the fewes tapples of all.

  5)用于指世界上独一无二的事物。如:

  The moon is farsmaller than theearth.

  6)在江河、海洋、山脉等地理名词前及由普通名词构成的专有名词前。如:

  theNile,thePacificOcean,theAlps,theOrientalPearl

  7)用于表示方位的名词前。如:

  Shanghai is in the east of China.

  8)用在乐器名称的前面。如:

  I practise the piano everyday after school.

  9)在某些形容词前加定冠词,表示一类人。如:

  The sick and the old should betaken good care of.

  10)用于姓氏复数形式之前,表示“一家人”或“夫妇两人”。如:

  The Wang shave worked in Pudongforalmosttenyears.

  11)在某些固定短语中,需用定冠词。如:

  In the morning,the day after tomorrow,listen to the radio,at the moment,go to the beach,by the way.

  3.不用冠词的情况

  1)在球类活动、学科名称前。如:

  We have Chinese,maths,and English everyday.

  2)在节日、月份、四季、星期前。如:

  JunelisChildren’sDay.

  It’sSaturday today.

  It’slatespring now. 3)名词前已有作定语的指示代词、物主代词、不定代词或代词等。如:

  That hand bag is in he rcar.

  I have severalquestionstoask.

  4)在物质名词和抽象名词前一般不加冠词。如:

  Milk is white.(比较:The milk in the cup has gone bad.这里the表示特指。)

  5)三餐名词前通常不用冠词,如:have supper,after breakfast,但三餐名词前如果有形容词修饰时,要用不定冠词,如:a big supper,a quick breakfast等。

  6)在称呼、头衔、职位前。。如

  What can I do for you,sir.

  7)在某些固定词组和习惯用语中。如:by motorcycle/air/train,atnight,introuble,gotochurch,putintojail等。

  4.在某些名词前用冠词或不用冠词,其意义有所不同。如:

  go to church(去做礼拜)go to the church(到那座教堂去)

  in class(在上课时)in the class(在班级中)

  in charge of(负责)in the charge of(由……负责)

  in hospital(生病住院)in the hospital(在医院里工作或参观)

  at table(在吃饭)at the table(在桌子旁)

  take place(发生)take the place(代替)

  in front of(在……的前面)in the front of(在……前部)

  keep house(管理家务)keep the house(呆在家里)

   以上是小编为大家整理的初二英语语法复习资料-代词语法讲解,供同学们参考学习。另外南京爱智康开设了期中诊断课程,有需要的同学可咨询4000-121-121报名哦!

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