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八年级下学期语文期中复习——第10课 小石潭记

2020-03-20 09:55:44  来源:网络整理

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   【智康语八年级下学期语文期中复习——第10课 小石潭记这篇小石潭记散文,作者是柳宗元,他生动地描写了小石潭周围环境的静穆和优美,抒发了作者贬官失意后的孤凄之情。下面是小编为大家整理的八年级下学期语文期中复习——第10课 小石潭记,希望能够帮助到大家!

 

 

八年级下学期语文期中复习汇总(1-12课)


  1作者简介

  柳宗元(773年-819年),字子厚,唐代著名文学家、思想家。祖籍河东,柳出身于官宦家庭,少有才名,早有大志。早年为考进士,文以辞采华丽为工。唐宋八大家之一,与韩愈共同倡导唐代古文运动,并称“韩柳”。代表作有《黔之驴》、《捕蛇者说》、《永州八记》及绝句《江雪》等。

 

  2相关背景

  柳宗元于唐顺宗永贞元年(805年)因拥护王叔文的改革,被贬为永州司马,王叔文被害。政治上的失意,使他寄情于山水,柳宗元贬官之后,为排解内心的愤懑之情,常常不避幽远,伐竹取道,探山访水,并通过对景物的具体描写,抒发自己的不幸遭遇。

 

  3主要内容

  这篇散文生动地描写出了小石潭周围环境的静穆和优美,抒发了作者贬官失意后的孤凄之情。

 

  4句式

  倒装句:

  1、如鸣佩环(正确语序:如佩环鸣)好像玉环玉佩相碰击发出的声音。

  2、全石以为底(正确语序:以全石为底)小潭以整块石头为底。

  3、卷石底以出(正确语序:石底卷以出)石底向上弯曲,露出水面。

  修辞手法:

  1、闻水声,如鸣佩环。(比喻)听到水声,好像玉环玉佩相碰击发出的声音。

  2、往来翕忽,似与游者相乐。(拟人)往来轻快敏捷的样子,好像在与游人相互嬉戏。

  3、其岸势犬牙差互,不可知其源。(比喻)两岸的地势像狗牙那样参差不齐,不能知道它的源头。

  省略句:

  1、乃记之而去。(省略主语“这番景致”)于是记下这番景致便离开了。

  2、斗折蛇行。(省略主语“小溪的岸边”)溪水像北斗星那样曲折,像蛇前行那样蜿蜒。

  3。以其境过清。(省略主语“我”)我因为它的环境过于凄清。

 

  以上是八年级下学期语文期中复习——第10课 小石潭记,希望这些内容能够帮助到大家。南京爱智康0元8人班在线课程火热报名中,欢迎拨打电话免费咨询哦!

 

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

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