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九年级下学期语文期中复习——第3课短诗五首

2020-03-20 10:18:12  来源:网络整理

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   【智康语九年级下学期语文期中复习——第3课短诗五首我们需要通过练习来巩固所学知识点,大家在学习完知识点后要及时的进行练习,练习完之后才能发现自己学习的薄弱之处,下面是小编为大家整理的九年级下学期语文期中复习——第3课短诗五首,希望能够帮助到大家!

 

 

九年级下学期语文期中复习汇总(1-12课)


  1作者简介陶渊明(约365年—427年),字元亮,号五柳先生,又名潜(入刘宋后改名潜),谥号靖节。世称靖节先生,自称五柳先生。东晋末期南朝宋初期诗人、文学家、辞赋家、散文家。东晋浔阳柴桑(今江西省九江市)人。

  李白(701年2月28日—762),字太白,号青莲居士。中国唐朝人,有“诗仙”之称,是伟大的浪漫主义诗人。代表作有《蜀道难》、《行路难》、《梦游天姥吟留别》、《将进酒》等诗篇。

  杜甫(712~770),字子美,尝自称少陵野老。举进士不第,曾任检校工部员外郎,故世称杜工部。是唐代最伟大的现实主义诗人,宋以后被尊为“诗圣”,与李白并称“李杜”。

  岑参(公元715—770年),唐江陵人。太宗时功臣岑文本孙。天宝三年进士。八年至安西节度使高仙芝幕府掌书记,后又随封常清至北庭任安西北庭节度判官。至德二载与杜甫等五人授右补阙。后出任嘉州刺史。大历五年卒於成都。

  龚自珍(1792~1841),字璱(sè)人,号定庵(ān)。仁和(今浙江杭州)人。晚年居住昆山羽琌山馆,又号羽琌山民。清代思想家、诗人、文学家及改良主义的先驱者。

 

  2相关背景《饮酒》创作背景:公元742年(天宝元年),李白奉诏入京,担任翰林供奉。可是入京后,却没被唐玄宗重用,还受到权臣的谗毁排挤,两年后被“赐金放还”,变相撵出了长安。李白被逼出京,求仕无望的他深感仕路的艰难,满怀愤慨写下了《行路难》组诗。

  《白雪歌送武判官归京》创作背景:当时西北边疆一带,战事频繁,岑参怀着到塞外建功立业的志向,两度出塞,久佐戎幕,对鞍马风尘的征战生活与冰天雪地的塞外风光有长期的观察与体会。天宝十三载这次是岑参第二次出塞,充任安西北庭节度使封常清的判官(节度使的僚属),而武判官即其前任,诗人在轮台送他归京(唐代都城长安)而写下了此诗。

  《己亥杂诗》创作背景:这组诗作于清道光十九年己亥(1839年)。这年龚自珍辞官,由北京南返杭州,后又北上接取家属,在南北往返的途中,他看着祖国的大好河山,目睹生活在苦难中的人民,不禁触景生情,思绪万千,即兴写下了一首又一首诗,于是诞生了《己亥杂诗》。

 

  3中心思想《饮酒》:这是一首五言古诗,写诗人在田园里悠然自得的隐居生活,通过对眼前景物的叙写,说明“心远地自偏”的哲理,表达了作者从自然景物中寻找到乐趣的恬静心情和丰富的精神生活。

  《行路难》:诗中描写世路艰难,反映了诗人在政治上遭遇挫折后,诗人内心的强烈苦闷、抑郁和不平;同时,又表现了诗人的倔强、自信和对理想的执着追求,展示了诗人力图从苦闷中挣脱出来的强大精神力量。

  《茅屋为秋风所破歌》:诗中描绘了秋风破屋、长夜沾湿的情景,诗人由个人的痛苦想到饱经战乱,至今仍流离失所的广大人民,表现了作者忧国忧民的情感。

  《白雪歌送武判官归京》:作者用歌行体写出了西北边陲风雪的奇寒,抒发了雪中送客的深挚友情及因友返京而产生的怅惘之情。

  《己亥杂诗》:全诗抒发了诗人辞官离京时的复杂感情,展示了诗人不畏挫折、不甘沉沦、始终要为国家效力的坚强性格和献身精神。

 

  以上是九年级下学期语文期中复习——第3课短诗五首,希望这些内容能够帮助到大家。南京爱智康0元8人班在线课程火热报名中,欢迎拨打电话免费咨询哦!

 

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

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