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九年级下册语文名著阅读复习——《儒林外史》艺术特色

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   【智康语九年级下册语文名著阅读复习——《儒林外史》艺术特色这篇《儒林外史》是吴敬梓所作,它是我们古代讽刺文学中最杰出的代表作,标志着我国古代讽刺小说的发展新阶段。下面是小编为大家整理的九年级下册语文名著阅读复习——《儒林外史》艺术特色,希望能够帮助到大家!

 

 

初中下学期语文名著阅读复习汇总

 

  《儒林外史》的讽刺艺术。《儒林外史》的讽刺艺术正是体现了鲁迅所说的“讽刺的生命是真实”、“非写实决不能成为所谓讽刺”的精神。小说中许多人物原型、许多人情世态,都是当时社会上司空见惯的。作者加以典型的概括,从而显露出幽默的讽刺锋芒。正如鲁迅在《什么是“讽刺”》中所说的,“它所写的事情是公然的,也是常见的,平时是谁都不以为奇的,而且自然是谁都毫不注意的。不过事情在那时却已经是不合理,可笑,可鄙,甚而至于可恶。但这么行下来了,习惯了,虽在大庭广众之间,谁也不觉得奇怪;现在给它特别一提,就动人”。取得强烈的讽刺艺术效果,从而更真实地暴露了问题的本质,起着深刻的批判作用。同时,针对不同人物作不同程度、不同方式的讽刺。总之,《儒林外史》运用把相互矛盾的事物放在一起,突出它的不合理的讽刺手法,其讽刺艺术不仅分寸掌握恰当,而且能将矛头直接指向罪恶的社会制度,而不是人身攻击。它体现了现实主义讽刺艺术的高度成就。

 

  《儒林外史》的语言艺术。《儒林外史》语言特点是准确、洗炼而富于形象性。常以三言两语,使人物“穷形尽相”。如第二回中写夏总甲“两只红眼边,一副锅铁脸,几根黄胡子,歪戴着瓦楞帽,身上青布衣服就如油篓一般,手里拿着一根赶驴的鞭子,走进门来;和众人拱一拱手,一屁股就坐在上席”。这样,一个自高自大的小土豪形象就活现在面前。吴敬梓学习运用人民群众的口语相当成功,对话中有时引用谚语、歇后语,也能恰切自然。

 

  《儒林外史》的结构艺术。《儒林外史》的结构,正如鲁迅言“虽云长篇,颇同短制”。全书没有一线到底的人物和情节,而以同一主题贯串全书。有时这一回的主要人物到下一回就退居次要。“事与其来俱起,事与其去俱迄”。这种独特形式主要还是出于作者的艺术构思。全书以反对科举制度为主干,通过这一点,运用自如地安排各类人物和故事,从而达到较广泛地反映社会生活的目的。因此,尽管这种结构形式难免有些松懈,但对它所反映的特定内容来说是和谐的。

 

  《儒林外史》所达到的高度的思想艺术成就,使它在当时就产生了很大的影响。晚清谴责小说《官场现形记》等显然是受了《儒林外史》讽刺艺术的影响,并在结构上也有所模仿。我国新文学的伟大作家鲁迅,极其推崇《儒林外史》,他的战斗的文学传统特别在讽刺手法的运用上,和《儒林外史》也有一定的关系。

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

 

  以上是九年级下册语文名著阅读复习——《儒林外史》艺术特色希望这些内容能够帮助到大家。南京爱智康0元8人班在线课程火热报名中,欢迎拨打电话免费咨询哦!

 

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

  重点短语

  Welcome to the unit

  1. take/have a rest休息

  2.wake me/him up叫醒我/他 (代词宾格放中间)

  3.plan to travel around China打算环游中国

  4.wonderful places to go(不定式做后置定语)可去的好地方

  5.a kind of traditional Chinese art一种传统的中国艺术

 

  Reading

  1. the Capital of… …的首都

  2. .in the middle of… 在……中间

  3. used to live there过去住那儿

  4. turn…into把……变成

  be turned into… 被变成

  5.watch the raising of the national flag看升旗

  6.a large Chinese garden set in a natural landscape以自然风景为背景的大型中国园林

  7.a nice place for emperors to spend the summer供皇帝们度假的好地方

  8.another famous attraction另一个有名的景区

  9. every few hundred metres每隔几百米

  10.stand in different shapes以不同的形状耸立

  11.lie on/in/to位于(接壤/包含/分离)

  12.in southern China=in the south of China在中国的南部

  13.take a boat trip乘船旅行

  14.hire a bicycle租自行车

 

  Grammar

  1.take up占用,占据

  2.three quarters of… ……的四分之三

  3.row a boat划船

  4.a 17-hole bridge一座17孔桥

  5.on either side of it =on both sides of it =on each side of it在两边

  6.be wellworth visiting=be well worth a visit=be well worth going to非常值得参观

  7.on a sunny day在晴朗的一天

  8.arrive in Shanghai=reach Shanghai=get to Shanghai到达上海

  get to our hotel

  9.public transport公关交通

  10.interesting places有趣的地方/ places of interest名胜

 

  Integrated Skills

  1.an ancient city of culture文化古城

  2.take a tour of… 在…旅行

  3.leave for… 出发去…

  4.five million people五百万人millions of people数百万人

 

  Task

  1.as a second language作为第二语言

  2.iron and steel industry钢铁业

  3.communicate with the local people与当地人交流

  4.its capital city它的首都城市

 

  重点句子

  1.Its tiring to climb the steps, and my feethurt.

  2.With wonderful buildings and art treasuresinside, itis wellworth a visit..

  3.Many tourists like to gather thereearly to watch the raising the national flag.

  4.Itruns for over 6000 kilometresacross northern China,with watchtowers every few hundred metres.

  5.East or west, Guilin landscape is best.

  6.Itlies on the two sides of the Lijiang River.

  7.In this underground cave,it isamazing thatthere areso many rocks in unusual shapes—somehang down, and otherspoint upwards.

  8.The caveis praised as the‘Art Palace of Nature’.

  9.As an old saying goes,’’He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.’

  10.Across the lake is a 17-hole bridge.

  11.There are many stone lionson either side ofit.

  12.Japan is the second country we are going to visit in Asia.

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